Applied optics is based on optics and photonics, it focuses on the use of light for practical purposes. Optics is the part of physics that deals with the study of the generation, propagation, detection and interaction of light with matter and working in the range of electromagnetic wavelengths that can be perceived by the human eye (between Visible 380 and 780 nm), and the ends thereof, up to 244 nm UV at one end (near ultraviolet) and 1600 nm IR on the other (near Infrared).
Hence applied optics is necessary to conduct research in basic sciences, such as the nonlinear response of isolated atoms to intense short electromagnetic fields, the atom-cavity interaction at high electromagnetic fields, and quantum properties of the electromagnetic field, ultrafast phenomena (femto and atto seconds)
Applications: Since along time, optics has played an important role in human development by being strongly related to other areas of physics. Currently, optics can be subdivided into four major areas of research and development: Instrumentation, Communications, Metrology and Optics of Frontier.
Applications range from make use of sunlight in technological developments (power, temperature, etc.), medicine (photo dynamic therapy, tomography, dental and medical devices), optical (z-scan technique) metrology, optical nanotechnology, holography, diffractive optical low coherence interferometry, optical coherence tomography, near-field microscopy and optical technology, high-speed telecommunications and computing development among others (solitons, all-optical switching, etc.), laser spectroscopy, to implementation in basic sciences (trapping of atoms, ultrafast phenomena (femto and atto seconds), the applications of optical physics have impact in the field of architecture, biology and environment, food manufacturing, and even entertainment.
Research at the center:
• Z-scan technique: To develop and characterize new materials that will exhibiting nonlinear optical properties (refractive index and absorption coefficient nonlinear).
• Generation of spatial solitons in azo-doped liquid crystal.
• all-optical switching based on spatial solitons.
Note: In process of adaptating and acquiring optical components for the laboratory.